Art. 1º - The Brazilian Academy of Sciences, founded on May 3, 1916 under the name of Brazilian Society of Sciences, is a non-profit association of private law, constituted for an undetermined period of time, with headquarters and forum in the city of Rio de Janeiro, with the objective to contribute to the development of science and technology, education and the social well being of the Country.
§ 1º- In compliance with its objective, the Academy shall promote solemn sessions, seminars and other meetings; shall issue publications and establish covenants to enable the execution of projects, including those of scientific exchange with public or private entities, national, foreign or international with which they hold common interests with.
§ 2º - The solemn sessions will be destined to the induction of new members to the Academy, to celebration of milestones of the evolution of knowledge and to perform tributes to prominent figures of science.
§ 3º - The activities of the Academy shall be developed with a faithful observance of the principles of legality, impersonality, morality and the economy, with an ample advertisement of its acts, projects and missions.
Art. 2º - The Academy shall act in the following specialized areas of knowledge:
a) Mathematical Sciences
b) Physical Sciences;
c) Chemical Sciences;
d) Earth Science;
e) Biological Sciences;
f) Biomedical Sciences;
g) Health Sciences;
h) Agricultural Sciences;
i) Engineering Sciences;
j) Social Sciences.
Sole Paragraph - The Board of Directors, after hearing the Selection Commission, shall define the subjects which integrate each of the specialized areas.
Art. 3º - In order to facilitate the development of its activities, the Academy shall be organized in decentralized units, which shall operate through the expressed delegation of powers by the Board of Directors. Considering the dimensions of the respective scientific communities of the Country, the following regions are established:
b) Northeast and Espírito-Santo;
c) Minas Gerais and Midwest;
d) Rio de Janeiro;
e) São Paulo;
Art. 4º - The Academy shall have individuals on its board of associates which fall into the following categories:
a) Full Members;
b) Corresponding Members;
c) Collaborating Members;
d) Affiliated Members.
Sole Paragraph - In the first three categories the academics shall be elected under a permanent nature, unlimited in numbers.
Art. 5º - The Full Members will be Brazilian, native or naturalized, and foreigners living in Brazil for more than 10 (ten) years, with outstanding scientific performance.
Art. 6º - The Corresponding Members shall be foreign researchers with recognized scientific merit, who have provided relevant collaboration to the development of science in Brazil.
Art. 7º - The Collaborating Members shall be personalities who have rendered outstanding services to the Academy or to national scientific development.
Art. 8º - The Affiliated Members shall be young promising researchers, living in the regions specified in art. 3, indicated and chosen by the Full Members who work in the same regions.
§ 1º - It is the Board of Director's responsibility to designate and induct the Affiliated members, of up to 5 (five) per region per year.
§ 2º - The Affiliated Members will have the right to participate in the activities of the Academy for a period of 5 (five) years, non-renewable.
Art. 9º - The Academy, through the decision of the Board of Directors, may grant the title of Associated Institutional Member to legal entities interested in the development of science and technology who are willing to financially contribute to the performance of common activities.
Sole Paragraph - The title of Associated Institutional Member will be of a temporary nature, needing to be validated on an annually basis as per the Board of Directors.
Art. 10 - It is the duty of the Members of any category to:
a) observe the provisions of this Statute and the decisions of the General Assemblies and of the Board of Directors of the institution;
b) contribute towards the accomplishment of the objectives of the Academy, defend its' interests and its' heritage;
c) honor the Academy, individually or collectively, seeking to collaborate, in the quality of Academics, towards scientific, technological and social development of the Country.
Sole Paragraph - The Full members and the Associated Institutional Members shall contribute financially towards the maintenance of the activities of the Academy. The Board of Directors, by means of delegation of powers of the general Assembly, will periodically determine the value of the respective annual fees.
Art. 11 - It is the right of all the associates, members of any category, to:
a) participate in the activities promoted by the Academy;
b) resort to the General Assembly against actions of the Board of Directors and the Audit Committee.
Art. 12 - The general Assembly, the sovereign body of the Academy, is constituted exclusively by the Full Members, gathered in session of a deliberative nature, under the presidency of the President or the Vice-President of the entity. In the absence of the President or the Vice-President, the present members shall elect the President of the general Assembly.
Art. 13 - The general Assembly meetings shall be ordinary and extraordinary.
Art. 14 - The Ordinary general Assembly shall be called by the President, exclusively for the following purposes:
a) election of the Board of Directors and of the Audit Committee, to occur every three years in the first trimester;
b) election of four members of the Selection Committee, in the process of renovation of a third of its members, to occur annually, in the second trimester;
c) election of the Full, Corresponding and Collaborating Members, to occur annually, starting in the fourth trimester;
d) appraisal of the opinion of the Audit Council about the accountability and the general balance sheet of the Academy for the previous financial year.
§ 1º - Shall be considered elected:
a) the candidates members of the most voted plate in the election of the Board of Directors and the Audit Council;
b) the candidates most voted for the members of the Selection Committee;
c) the candidates for Full Members most voted in each specialized area;
d) the candidate for Corresponding and Collaborating Members who obtain the majority of the valid votes.
§ 2º - If there is a draw in the election with regards to the first two points, we shall consider elected, in the case of point a, the integrants of the plate headed by the Full Member who has been there the longest, and if the draw persists, by the oldest; and in the case of point b, the oldest candidate.
Art. 15 - The quorum for the opening of the Ordinary General Assembly shall be of half of the total number of Ful Members, both for the first convocation as for the subsequent convocations, which shall be scheduled with an interval of a maximum of 20 (twenty) days.
§ 1º - Upon verifying the existence of a "quorum", one shall consider the voters who are present as well as those who send in their votes electronically or by mail.
§ 2º - In the event of the "quorum" not being reached, the votes received electronically or by mail will not be discarded and will used in the counting on the convocation of the subsequent General Assembly
Art. 16 - The Extraordinary General Assembly will be destined to any other purpose not specified in art. 14, will be conducted at any time and shall be called by the President or by an application of a minimum of 20 (twenty) Full Members.
§ 1º - The agenda of the Extraordinary General Assembly shall be clearly defined upon its convocation.
§ 2º - The Extraordinary General Assembly can be specially convened:
a) to honor a person of notorious merit, visiting Brazil, with the concession of the title of Corresponding or Collaborating Member;
b) for the appraisal of the proposal of concession of the title of President Emeritus to the ex president who has rendered relevant services to the Academy, endorsed by a fourth of the Full Members, at least
c) for the alteration of the Statute;
d )for the dissolution of the institution.
§ 3º - The "quorum" for the Extraordinary General Assembly, considering the votes received electronically or by mail, shall be the following:
a) for the alteration of the Statute, the dissolution of the institution or the concession of the title of President Emeritus , two thirds of the total number of Full Members in the first convocation and half of the same total in the subsequent convocations;
b) in all other cases, half of the total number of Full members in the first convocation, and a third, in subsequent convocations.
§ 4º - The interval between the convocations shall be of at least twenty days and at the most forty days.
§ 5º - The maximum number of convocations of Extraordinary General Assemblies, for the discussion of the same agenda, is three. In the event of not attaining the necessary number to deliberate during the third convocation, the assembly will only be allowed to be convened, to discuss the same issue, in the following year, after a period of at least six months.
§ 6º - When the agenda of the Extraordinary General Assembly cannot be voted upon in one meeting alone, it can be taken into consideration in permanent sessions and subsequent meetings can be held until a final decision is reached.
Art. 17 - Are Organs of the Administration of the Academy:
a) the Board of Directors;
b) the Audit Council.
Art. 18 - The Board of Directors of the Academy shall be composed by a President, Vice President, 5(five) Directors and 6(six) Regional Vice-Presidents, all Full members, elected with a mandate of 3(three) years and vested in the month of May.
Sole Paragraph - The regions where the Regional vice Presidents perform are those defined in art. 3rd.
Art. 19 - The election process of the Board of Directors will start with the opening of the registration of the plate of competitors, which shall be formally presented by the candidates running for president.
Sole Paragraph - The Board of Director shall publish the dates of the beginning and the end of the registration period of the plates, which cannot be inferior to 30 (thirty) days.
Art. 20 - The Board of Directors shall:
a) meet and make sure others meet the items specified in Statute and decide over the omission cases;
b) determine the attributions of the Board of Directors;
c) approve the annual chronogram of the admissions process of new members;
d) elaborate the annual budget of the Academy and manage the budgetary execution;
e) determine the staff of the Academy and establish its deadlines;
f) elect the Vice-President, Regional Vice-Presidents and Directors, resulting from vacancy during the triennium;
g) elect a substitute to complete the mandate of a member of the Selection Committee, in the case of a vacancy arising, selected from among the Full Members of the same specialized area;
h) nominate specific commissions in charge of studying specific issues;
i) establish the annual financial contribution of the Full Members and Associated Institutional Members.
Art. 21 - The President shall:
a) represent the Academy, personally or by delegation, in court or out of it;
b) convene the General Assembly and preside it;
c) nominate, suspend or fine employees of the Academy;
d) designate the members of special commissions;
e) annually present the activities report and the accountability of his management.
Sole Paragraph - The Vice-President, aside from the attributions established for him by the Board of Directors, shall substitute the President in his occasional or permanent impediments. In the last case, in a new vacancy occurs, a General Assembly shall be called for the election of a new President.
Art. 22 - The Audit Council shall be composed of 5 (five) Full members, elected for a period of 3 (three) years and effective in the month of May, and needs to elect its president in the first meeting they perform.
Art. 23 - The Audit Council shall meet once a year in the first trimester, and extraordinarily when convened by 2 (two) or more Full members, to appreciate issues strictly defined.
Sole Paragraph - The Audit Council will only be allowed to deliberate with the presence of a minimum of 3 (three) of its members.
Art. 24 - The Audit Council shall:
a) present to the General Assembly, by March 31st of each year, a report on accountability and on the balance sheet of the Academy for the previous financial year;
b) examine, as deemed convenient, the accounting books, and the book keeping papers and verify the values deposited;
c) draft in the book of Minutes and Opinions of the Audit Council the result of the evaluations of the issues in question;
d) speak-up about the disposal of assets and about the acceptance of donations either with an equal value or a superior value of 500 (five hundred) times the current minimum salary of the country.
Art. 25 - The Selection Commission shall be constituted by the President of the Academy who will preside, and by 12 (twelve) Full members, elected by a simple majority, through the General Assembly, for a period of 3 (three) years, with at least one representative of each specialized area listed in art. 2.
§ 1º - The Selection Commission will have a third of its members renewed annually, by means of election performed during the second trimester, and the elected shall be sworn in the first meeting following the end of the mandate of his antecessor.
§ 2º - The election process of the Members of the Selection Commission will initiate with the registration of the candidates interested in applying for the specialized areas in which vacancies may come up, upon which one shall publish the starting and the ending of the period of registration, which may not be inferior to 30 (thirty) days.
Art. 26 - The Selection Commission shall:
a) approve the type of form for the presentation of candidates for Full Members and Corresponding Members;
b) approve the number of vacancies to be filled by Full members every year;
c) examine the candidates curriculum and the evaluation of the Full Members of each specialized area and discuss the opinions of the rapporteurs of each of these areas;
d) prepare the voting ballot for the election of new Full Members, choosing two candidates per vacancy, and for new corresponding Members, indicating the candidates who, based on his criteria, fulfill the conditions established in art 7.
Art. 27 - The form for the indication of candidates shall only be accepted when properly filled-out.
§ 1º - The proposals for the admission of Full Members need to be endorsed by one or more Full Members.
§ 2º - The proposals for the admission of Corresponding Members need to be endorsed by 10 (ten) or more Full Members, of which at least 5 (five) are from the specialized area for which the candidate is applying, and shall present the candidates "curriculum vitae" together with the list of work he has published.
§ 3º - The proposals for the admission of Corresponding Members shall be presented by the Board of Directors, fully justified and accompanied by the candidates "curriculum vitae".
Art. 28 - The quorum to deliberate in the Selection Commission meetings is of 9 (nine) of its members, in which decisions are made by simple majority.
§ 1º - The President of the Selection Commission will only have a vote in case of a draw.
§ 2º - The Selection Commission, in its first meeting of the year, shall elect, among its members, a Secretary, who will perform this task until the election of his substitute
§ 3º - In the event of any of the specialized areas not having the presence of a representative at the Selection Commission, the President may convene another Full Member, of the same area, to substitute him in the quality of "ad hoc" representative, without the right to vote.
Art. 29 - The heritage of the Academy is constituted of its rights and assets, movable and immovable.
Art. 30 - The disposable of assets of the Academy may only be done through the unanimous proposal of the Board of Directors, properly substantiated and authorized by the General Assembly, by absolute majority of its members.
Art. 31 - One may dispose, by decision of the Board of Directors of material considered obsolete, non recoverable or unserviceable, in accordance to the opinion of the inspection commission and the writing off, to be composed of 3 (three) Full Members to be chosen by the President of the Academy.
Art. 32 - The income of the Academy consists of:
a) the financial contribution of its Full members and Institutional Associates;
b) the donations, the legacies and the financial aids;
c) the product of the disposal of heritage assets;
d) eventual incomes.
Sole Paragraph - The revenue of the Academy will be fully applied to the maintenance and the development of its statutory objectives, being prohibited for the Directors and the Audit Council to perceive remuneration, advantages or benefits of any kind.
Art. 33 - The Members of any category of the Academy, even in the positions of the Board of Directors or the Audit Council, are not responsible for, not even alternatively, for the charges and social obligations of the Association.
Art. 34 - The Full Members can request to be transferred from the Specialized area for which they were elected, yet in order to make this effective it need to previously obtain the approval of the Selection Commission.
Art. 35 - The cases not considered in this Statute shall be resolved by the Board of Directors, except for those discussed at the General Assemblies.
Art. 36 - In the event of the dissolution of the Academy, its' assets shall be destined to the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.
Art. 37 - We assure to maintain the rights and obligations determined at the times of election, of the members of the category of Associate Members, extinct at the Ordinary general Assembly of September 23, 1999.
Art. 38 - The current Foreign Members now become part of the category of Corresponding Members.
Art. 39 - The current regional Vice-Presidents, designated through the decision of the Board of Directors in the meeting held on May 28, 2007, shall exert their functions until the next election of the Boart of Directors.
Art. 40 - The first Audit Council shall be elected, exceptionally, in a General Assembly to be convened within 20 days, and the members will take office in the week following the election, with a mandate to last until May 3 2010.
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